Selected bibliography on the Islamic World before 1500s


Al-Azmeh, Aziz.  Muslim Kingship

Armestrong, Karen, Jerusalem: One City Three Faiths.

Bosworth, Clifford, E. The New Islamic Dynasties

Courbage, Youssef. Christians and Jews under Islam

Esposito, John Islam the Straight Path.

Gibb, Hamilton, Studies on the Civilization of Islam.

Hawting, Gerald, R. The First Dynasty of Islam

Hodgson, Marshall, The Venture of Islam. 3 volumes

Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples.

Kennedy, Hugh, The Prophet and the Age of Caliphate.

Lapidus, Ira, A History of Islamic Societies.

Lassner, Jacob, The Shaping of `Abbasid Rule.

Lewis Bernard, comp., Islam from the Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinople.

idem, Islam in History.

Pourshriati, Parvaneh. Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire.

Waines, David, An Introduction to Islam


The Qur’an:


Reynolds, Gabriel Said. Ed, the Qur’an in its Historical Context


Prophet Muhammad:

Rubin, Uri, The Eye of the Beholder: The Life of Muhammad as Viewed by Early Muslims.

Watt, W.M. Muhammad at Medina.

idem,  Muhammad at Mecca: History in the Qur'an.

idem, Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman.


Rashidun Caliphs:

Al-Baladhuri. Origins of the ISlamic State/Kitab-i Futuh al-BuldanI, Francis C. Murgotten, trans.

Madelung, Wilfred, The Succession to Muhammad.

Mottahedeh, Roy. Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society.

Tritton, A.S. The Caliphs and their Non-Muslim Subjects: A Critical Study of the Covenant of Umar.

Turner, John. Inquisition in Early Islam.


The Caliphate:


Almond, Ian. Two Faiths, One Banner.

Bosworth, C.E. The Arabs, Byzantium and Iran.

Bennison, Amira. The Golden Age of the Abassid Empire

---------------------. The Great Caliphs.

Dixon, Abd al-Ameer. The Umayyad Caliphate, 65-86/684-705.

Elton, Dniel. The Political and Social History of Khorasan under Abbasid rule 747-820.

Gibb, H.A.R. The Arab Conquest in Central Asia.

Kennedy, Hugh. When Baghdad Ruled the Muslim World: the Rise and fall of Islam’s Greatest Dynasty.

Lassner, Jacob. The Shaping of Abassid Rule.

Morony, Michael. Iraq after th Muslim Concuest.

Rush, Lacy. Three Kings in Baghdad

Shaban, M.A.The Abbasid Revolution.

Vaiou, Maria. Diplomacy in the Early Islamic World.

Wellhausen, Julius. The Arab Kingdon and its Fall.


Shari'a, Theology and Philosophy:

Abdel Haleem, Muhammad, Understanding the Qur'an.

Corne, Patricia. God’s Rule: Government and Islam

Coulson, N.J. A History of Islamic Law.

Hallaq, Wael, B. A History of Islamic Legal Theories.

Hallaq, Wael B. The Origins and Evolution of Islamic law

Huff, Toby, The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West.

Humphreys, Stephen. Islamic History

Powers, David, Studies in Qur'an and Hadith.

Rosenthal, Franz, Muslim Intellectuals and Social History.

Turner, John. Inquisition in Early Islam.

Wansbrough, John and Rippin, Andrew. Quranic Studies: Sources and Methods of Scriptural Interpretation

Watt, W.M. Introduction to the Qur'an; idem, Islamic Philosophy and Theology; idem, What is Islam?


Fatimid Caliphate:


Haji, Hamid. Founding the Fatimid State


Shi'a Imami:

Halm, Heinz, Shiism.

Momen, Moojan, An Introduction to Shi'i Islam.

Vaziri, Mustafa, The Emergence of Islam: Prophecy, Imamate, and

Messianism in Perspective.

Nasr, Sayyed Hossein, Shi'ism: Doctrines, Thought, and Spirituality.


Shi'i Isma'ili and Order of Assassins:

Burman, Edward The Assassins: Holy Killers of Islam.

Daftary, Farhad, The Assassin Legends.

Daftary, Farhad. Ismailis in Medieval Muslim Societies

idem, The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines.

Hodgson, Marshall, Order of Assassins.

Lewis, Bernard, Fida'iyan-i Ismaili.

idem, The Assassins.

idem, The Origins of Isma'ilism.




Lewisohn, Leonard, ed., The Legacy of Medieval Persian Sufism.

Nasr, Sayyed Hossein, ed., Islamic Spirituality Manifestations.

Messignon, Louis, The Passion of al-Hallaj.


Science, Art and Architecture:


Elkaisy, Maha. God and Humans in Islamic Thought: Abd Al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali.

Ettinghausen, Richard, Grabar, Oleg, Jenkins-Madina, Marilyn Islamic Art and Architecture, 650-1250

Glasse, C. A concise encyclopedia of Islam

Jokisch, Bennison. Islamic Imperial Law: Harun-Al-Rashid's Codification Project
Peterson, Andrew Dictionary of Islamic Architecture
Ragette, Friedrich Traditional Domestic Architecture of the Arab Region
Shabbir Akhtar. The Quran and the Secular Mind: A Philosophy of Islam

Turner, Howard Science in Medieval Islam.

Turner, Colin, Trans., The Three Principles of Mulla Sadra

Zubaide, Sami. Law and Power in the Islamic World


The Christian World, Crusades and Jews of Islam:


Courbage, Youssef and Fargues, Phillippe, Christians and Jews Under Islam.

Ellenalum, Ronnic, Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
Esperanza Alfonso, Islamic Culture through Jewish Eyes: Al-Andalus from the Tenth to Twelfth Century

Folda, Jaroslav, The Art of Crusaders in the Holy Land, 1098-1187

Kaegi, Walter, E. Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests.

Kennedy, Hugh, Crusader Castles.

Lewis, Bernard, The Jews of Islam.

idem, The Muslim Discovery of Europe.

Lyons, Malcolm Cameron, Saladin: The Politics of the Holy War.

Maalouf, Amin The Crusades Through Arab Eyes.

Man John, Saladin: the Sultan who Vaquished the Crusaders and Built an Empire.

Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades

----------------. Byzantine Style and Civilization

----------------. The Byzantine Theocracy

Samil, R.C., The Crusading Warfare.

Simon Reeva S, Michael M Laskier, and Sara Reguer, eds.  THE JEWS OF THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA IN MODERN TIMES (Columbia University Press, 2003)

Watt, W. Montgomery, A History of Islamic Spain.

idem, Influence of Islam on the Medieval Europe.

idem, Muslim-Christian Encounters: Perceptions and Misperceptions.



Garthwaite, Gene. The Persians (Oxford, Blackwell's, 2005).

Minorsky, Vladimir. Medieval Iran and its Neighbours.

Olmstead A.T. History of the Persian Empire.

Pourshariati, Parvaneh. Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire.


Philipp, Thomas, ed. The Mamluks in Egyptian Politics and Society.


Mongol Period:

Andrew, Boyle John, The Mongol World Empire.

Eboo Jamal, Nadia. Surviving the Mongols

Forbes-Manz, Beatrice, The Rise and Rule Of Tamerlane.

Spuler, Bertold, The Mongol Period.