Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory (AATI)

 

Permission

The authors of the AATI permit the use of this instrument and would appreciate being informed of its application and corresponding results. If you are interested in translating the AATI, please contact Zena R. Mello (zmello@sfsu.edu) and Frank C. Worrell (frankc@berkeley.edu).

 

AATI Manual 

Mello, Z. R. & Worrell, F. C. (2010). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory: Preliminary Technical Manual. Colorado Springs, CO & Berkeley, CA. PDF

 

AATIs (Click Link to Jump to Inventory)

 

AATI-Albanian

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., Laghi, F., Baiocco, R., & Lonigro, A. (2011). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Albanian. Unpublished scale. The University of Colorado Colorado Springs and Sapienza University of Rome. PDF

 

Validity studies:

  • Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., & International Collaborators. (2015, March). Validating Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Time Attitude scores in samples from eight countries. In Z. R. Mello and M. Buhl (Co-Chairs), International studies on time perspective: How thoughts about the past, the present, and the future predict adolescent outcomes. Poster Symposium presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Philadelphia, PA.

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AATI-Chinese

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., Ling, S. C., & Xu, H. (2013). The Adult and Adolescent Time Inventory – Chinese. Unpublished scale. San Francisco State University and the University of California, Berkeley. (forthcoming)

 

Validity studies:

  • Ling, S. C., Xu, H., Worrell, F. C., &  Mello, Z. R. (2014, May). Introducing the Chinese Version of the Adolescent Adult Time Attitude Scale (ATAS). Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA.
  • Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., & International Collaborators. (2015, March). Validating Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Time Attitude scores in samples from eight countries. In Z. R. Mello and M. Buhl (Co-Chairs), International studies on time perspective: How thoughts about the past, the present, and the future predict adolescent outcomes. Poster Symposium presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Philadelphia, PA.

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AATI-English 

Mello, Z. R., & Worrell, F. C. (2007). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-English. Unpublished scale. The University of California, Berkeley. PDF

 

Validity studies:

  • Andretta, J. R., Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., Dixson, D. D.+^, & Baik, S. H.+^ (2013). Demographic group differences in adolescents’ time attitudes. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 289-301doi:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.11.005 PDF
  • Andretta, J. R., Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2014). Predicting educational outcomes and psychological wellbeing in adolescents using time attitude profiles.  Psychology in the Schools, 51, 434-451. doi:10.1002/pits.21762 PDF
  • Alansari, M., Worrell, F. C., Rubie-Davies, C., & Webber, M. (2013). Adolescent time attitude scale (ATAS) scores and academic outcomes in secondary school females in New Zealand. International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education, 1, 251-274. PDF
  • McKay, M. T., Cole, J. C., Percy, A., Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2015). Reliability and factorial validity of the Adolescent Time Inventory-Time Attitude Scores (ATI-TA) in Scottish and Northern Irish adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 412-416. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.06.040
  • Mello, Z. R., Finan, L. J.*, & Worrell, F. C. (2013).  Introducing an instrument to assess time orientation and time relation in adolescents.  Journal of Adolescence, 36, 551-563doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.03.005 PDF
  • Mello, Z. R., Oladipo, S. E., Paoloni, V. C.+, & Worrell, F. C. (2018). Time Perspective and Risky Behaviors among Nigerian Young Adults. Journal of Adult Development. doi:10.1007/s10804-018-9304-2 PDF
  • Mello, Z. R., Walker, E. B.+, Finan, L. J.*, Stiasny, A.+, Wiggers, I. C.+, McBroom, K. A.*^, & Worrell, F. C. (2018). Time perspective, psychological well-being, and risky behavior among runaway adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, 22, 233-243doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10888691.2016.1276455 PDF
  • Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Andretta, J. R. (2009). Variation in how frequently adolescents think about the past, the present, and the future in relation to academic achievement. Research on Child and Adolescent Development/Diskurs Kindheits- und Jugendforschung, 2, 173-183. PDF
  • Mello, Z. R., Zhang, J. W., Barber, S. J., Paoloni, V. C.+, Howell, R. T., & Worrell, F. C. (2016). Psychometric properties of time attitude scores in young, middle, and older adult sampleshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.05.037 PDF
  • Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2009). Convergent and discriminant validity of time attitude scores on the Adolescent Adult Time Perspective Inventory. Research on Child and Adolescent Development/Diskurs Kindheits- und Jugendforschung, 185-196. PDF
  • Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., & Buhl, M. (2011). Introducing English and German versions of the Adolescent Time Attitude Scale (ATAS). Assessment, 20, 496-510. doi:10.1177/1073191110396202 PDF

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AATI-Farsi 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Rashid, K. (2013). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Farsi. Unpublished scale. San Francisco State University and Bu-Ali Sina University. (forthcoming)

 

Validity studies:

  • Mello, Z. R., Rashid, K., Worrell, F. C., & Fathi, F. (2014, July-August). Validating Adolescent Time Attitude Scores (ATAS) in a Sample of Iranian Adolescents. Poster presented at the 2nd International Conference on Time Perspective, Warsaw, Poland.

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AATI-German 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Buhl, M. (2008). The Adult and Adolescent Time Inventory – German. Unpublished scale. Frankfurt: German Institute for International Educational Research, University of Frankfurt/Main, and the University of California, Berkeley. PDF

 

Validity studies:

  • Buhl, M., & Lindner, D. (2009). Zeitperspektiven im Jugendalter. Messungen, Profile und Zusammenhänge mit Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen und schulischem Erleben [Time perspectives in adolescence. Measurement, profiles and relationships with personality characteristics and school-based experience]. Research on Child and Adolescent Development/Diskurs Kindheits- und Jugendforschung, 4 (2), 197-216. 
  • Konowalczyk, S. (2017). Zeitperspektiven von Jugendlichen. Pädagogische Grundlagen und empirische Befunde im Kontext des Sports [Time perspective of adolescents. Paedagogical basis and empirical evidence in the context of sports]. Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS.
  • Konowalczyk, S., Clemens, A. R., & Mello, Z. R. (in press). Time perspective, sports club membership, and physical self-concept among adolescents: A person-centered approach. Journal of Adolescence, 141-151. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.008 PDF
  • Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., & Buhl, M. (2013). Introducing English and German versions of the Adolescent Time Attitude Scale (ATAS). Assessment, 20, 496-510. doi:10.1177/1073191110396202 PDF

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AATI-Hindi

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Kaur, M. The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Hindi. Unpublished scale. San Francisco State University and the University of California, Berkeley.

 

Validity studies: pending

AATI-Italian 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., Laghi, F., Baiocco, R., & Lonigro, A. (2011). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Italian. Unpublished scaleThe University of Colorado Colorado Springs and Sapienza University of Rome. PDF

 

Validity studies:

  • Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., & International Collaborators. (2015, March). Validating Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Time Attitude scores in samples from eight countries. In Z. R. Mello and M. Buhl (Co-Chairs), International studies on time perspective: How thoughts about the past, the present, and the future predict adolescent outcomes. Poster Symposium presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Philadelphia, PA.

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AATI-Japanese 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Chisima, Y. (2014). The Adult and Adolescent Time Inventory – Japanese. Unpublished scale. San Francisco State University, the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Tsukuba.

 

Validity studies:

  • Chisima, Y., Murakami, T., Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2017). The Japanese Version of the Adolescent Time Inventory-Time Attitudes (ATI-TA) Scale: Internal Consistency, Structural Validity, and Convergent Validity. Assessment,1-12. doi:10.1177/1073191116683800 PDF
  • Y. Chisima, R. Ishii, & Z. R. Mello (Co-Chairs). (2016, August). Cross-cultural considerations for time attitudes: Perspectives from the United States, Germany, and Japan. Paper symposium presented at the 3rd International Conference on Time Perspective, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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AATI-Polish

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Przepiorka, A. M. (2015). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory – Polish. San Francisco State University, the University of California, Berkeley, and John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin.

 

Validity studies: pending

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AATI-Portuguese

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., and Sant’Ana, I. M. (2016). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory – Portuguese (Brazilian). San Francisco State University and the University of California, Berkeley.

 

Validity studies: pending

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AATI-Slovenian

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., Musil, B., Živkovič, U., & Juriševič, M. (2017). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory – Slovenian. Berkeley, CA: The University of California, Berkeley and the University of Llubljana. PDF

 

Validity studies:

  • Juriševič, M., Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2017). Measuring time attitudes in Slovenia: Psychometric properties of the Adolescent and Adult Time Attitude Scale (AATI-TA). Horizons of Psychology/Psihološka obzorja, 26, 89–97. doi:10.20419/2017.26.472 PDF

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AATI-Spanish 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., Anguiano, R. M., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2010). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Spanish. Unpublished scale. The University of Colorado Colorado Springs and the University of California, Berkeley. PDF

 

Validity studies:

  • Konowalczyk, S., Clemens, A. R., & Mello, Z. R. (in press). Time perspective, sports club membership, and physical self-concept among adolescents: A person-centered approach. Journal of Adolescence, 141-151. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.008 PDF
  • Konowalczyk, S., & Heim, R. (2015). Time perspective, physical self-concept, and sports activity in German, Spanish, and Luxembourgian adolescents. In Z. R. Mello and M. Buhl (Co-Chairs), International studies on time perspective: How thoughts about the past, the present, and the future predict adolescent outcomes. Poster Symposium presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Konowalczyk, S., Mello, Z. R., Röske, L. A. S., Buhl, M., Heim, R., & Worrell, F. C. (2018). Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory-Time Attitude Scales: Validity and Contributions to Physical Activity and Self-Concept in Spanish Adolescents. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 7, 76-90. PDF
  • Merino Soto, C. A., Worrell, F. C., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Mello, Z. R. (2015, July). Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory (AATI): Estudio piloto de una escala de perspectiva del tiempo para adolescentes. Paper presented at the 35th Interamerican Conference of Psychology, Lima, Perú. 
  • Worrell, F. C., Soto, C. A., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Mello, Z. R. (2018, May). Examining Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory (AATI) Scores in Peru. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA.

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AATI-Swedish 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., Åström, E., & Carelli, M. G. (2014). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory – Swedish. Unpublished scale. San Francisco State University and Umeå Universitet. 

 

Validity studies: pending

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AATI-Turkish 

Mello, Z. R., Worrell, F. C., & Sahin Baltaci, H. (2015). The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory – Turkish. Unpublished scale. San Francisco State University and Pamukkale University. PDF 

 

Validity studies:

  • Çelik, E., Sahranç, U., Kaya, K., & Turan, M. E. (2017). Adolescent Time Attitude Scale: Adaptation into Turkish. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5, 252-257. PDF
  • Şahin-Baltacı, H., Tagay, O., Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2017). Psychometric Properties of Time Attitude Subscale Scores of the Adolescent Time Inventory – Turkish. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 6, 47-59. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ipp0000066 PDF

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Key References

  • Andretta, J. R., Worrell, F. C., & Mello, Z. R. (2014). Predicting educational outcomes and psychological wellbeing in adolescents using time attitude profiles. Psychology in the Schools, 51, 434-451. doi:10.1002/pits.21762 PDF
  • Mello, Z. R., Bhadare, D., Fearn, E. J., Galaviz, M. M., Hartmann, E. S., & Worrell, F. C. (2009). The window, the river, and the novel: Examining adolescents’ conceptions of the past, the present, and the future. Adolescence, 44, 539-556. PDF
  • Mello, Z. R., & Worrell, F. C. (2015). The past, the present, and the future: A conceptual model of time perspective in adolescence. In Stolarski, M., van Beek, W., & Fieulaine, N. (Eds.). Time perspective theory; Review, research and application: Essays in honor of Philip G. Zimbardo. PDF
  • Worrell, F. C., Mello, Z. R., & Buhl, M. (2011). Introducing English and German versions of the Adolescent Time Attitude Scale (ATAS). Assessment. doi:10.1177/1073191110396202 PDF

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+Indicates Undergraduate Student Mentee; *Indicates Graduate Student Mentee; ^Indicates Underrepresented Minority